Species (252)

Genus - Species - - Year Subgenus Section Subsection Series Distribution #descendants #photos
Anacamptis boryi 1997 SC. & S. Greece to Aegean Is. 5
Anacamptis collina 1997 Medit. to S. Turkmenistan 10 10
Anacamptis coriophora 1997 Europe, Medit. to W. Asia 25 14
Anacamptis laxiflora 1997 Channel Is. to WC. Europe, Medit. to C. Asia 26 5
Anacamptis morio 1997 Europe, Medit. to Iran 35 13
Anacamptis morio subsp. picta 2003 Iberian Pen. to NW. Italy 7 2
Anacamptis morio subsp. caucasica 2007 Balkan Pen. to N. Iran 5
Anacamptis morio subsp. longicornu 2007 W. Medit. to Sicilia 6 1
Anacamptis palustris 1997 Europe, Medit. to C. Asia 15 3
Anacamptis palustris subsp. elegans 1997 EC. Europe to SW. & C. Asia 3
Anacamptis palustris subsp. robusta 1997 Baleares (Majorca), N. Algeria to Tunisia 1
Anacamptis papilionacea 1997 Medit. to Iran 27 10
Anacamptis pyramidalis 1817 Europe, Medit. to N. Iran 16 17
Anacamptis pyramidalis var. urvilleana 1926 Malta, 13 SIC
Anacamptis sancta 1997 E. Medit. 2
Cephalanthera cucullata 1854 C. & EC. Kriti
Cephalanthera damasonium 1906 Europe to N. Iran, Bhutan to China (Yunnan) 6 15
Cephalanthera epipactoides 1854 NE. Greece (Aegean Is.) to W. & N. Turkey 1
Cephalanthera longifolia 1888 Europe, Medit. to C. China 6 12
Cephalanthera rubra 1817 Europe to C. Asia 4 14
Chamorchis alpina 1817 Subarctic and Subalpine Europe 1
Corallorhiza trifida 1760 Temp. & Subarctic Northern Hemisphere 7
Cypripedium calceolus 1753 Sec. Cypripedium Subsec. Cypripedium Europe to Japan (Rebun I.) 47 18
Dactylorhiza baumanniana 1983 Bulgaria to N. Greece 2
Dactylorhiza cordigera 1962 SE. Europe to Ukraine 6
Dactylorhiza cordigera subsp. bosniaca 1962 N. Balkan Pen. 1
Dactylorhiza cordigera var. rhodopeia 2004 N. Greece
Dactylorhiza cordigera subsp. pindica 2005 Romania to NW. Greece 2
Dactylorhiza fuchsii 1962 Europe to Mongolia 32 19
Dactylorhiza fuchsii subsp. psychrophila 1964 Europe to Siberia 4
Dactylorhiza fuchsii subsp. sooana 1961 Carpathians 1
Dactylorhiza fuchsii subsp. carpatica 2004 Carpathians
Dactylorhiza iberica 1962 Greece to Iran 10
Dactylorhiza incarnata 1962 Europe to NW. China 44 9
Dactylorhiza incarnata subsp. cruenta 1967 Europe to NW. China 8 7
Dactylorhiza insularis 2005 W. Medit. to WC. Italy 1 1
Dactylorhiza kalopissii 1976 Romania to N. Greece, E. Aegean Is. 3
Dactylorhiza kalopissii subsp. macedonica 2004 NC. Romania, N. Greece
Dactylorhiza lapponica 1962 N. & C. Europe 3 2
Dactylorhiza maculata 1962 NW. Africa, Europe to C. Siberia 32 18
Dactylorhiza maculata subsp. elodes 1962 Europe 6
Dactylorhiza maculata subsp. transsilvanica 1962 EC. & SE. Europe
Dactylorhiza maculata subsp. savogiensis 2004 Pyrenees, W. Alps 1 1
Dactylorhiza majalis 1965 Europe to Siberia 32 8
Dactylorhiza praetermissa 1962 W. & NW. Europe 23 7
Dactylorhiza romana 1962 Medit. to C. Asia 2 5
Dactylorhiza saccifera 1962 Medit. 9
Dactylorhiza saccifera subsp. gervasiana 2004 Sicilia to S. Italy, Algeria
Dactylorhiza sambucina 1962 Europe 21 10
Dactylorhiza sudetica 1982 Europe to Siberia 1
Dactylorhiza traunsteineri 1962 Europe to W. Siberia 18 5
Dactylorhiza traunsteineri subsp. rhaetica 2015 N. Italy
Dactylorhiza traunsteineri subsp. schurii 2015 E. Carpathians 2
Dactylorhiza viridis 1997 Subarctic and Subalpine Northern Hemisphere 20 7
Epipactis albensis 1978 C. & SE. Europe
Epipactis atrorubens 1809 Europe to Caucasus 15 19
Epipactis autumnalis 2007 NE. Italy
Epipactis calabrica 2014 S. Italy
Epipactis collaris 2016 Italy
Epipactis cupaniana 2013 Sicilia
Epipactis etrusca 2014 Italy
Epipactis exilis 2004 S. Europe 1
Epipactis flaminia 1994 EC. Europe
Epipactis greuteri 1981 EC. & SE. Europe 1
Epipactis guegelii 1997 Romania
Epipactis helleborine 1769 Sec. Epipactis NW. Africa, Europe to China 17 12
Epipactis helleborine subsp. latina 1987 Italy to NW. Balkan Pen. 2
Epipactis helleborine subsp. orbicularis 1997 Europe 2 1
Epipactis helleborine subsp. schubertiorum 2004 S. Italy
Epipactis helleborine subsp. degenii 2007 NC. Greece
Epipactis helleborine subsp. helleborine Europe to China 4 8
Epipactis hyblaea 2014 Italy
Epipactis ioessa 2007 Italy
Epipactis leptochila 1921 Europe 1
Epipactis leptochila subsp. neglecta 1982 C. & SE. Europe
Epipactis leptochila subsp. aspromontana 2004 S. Italy
Epipactis leptochila subsp. naousaensis 2004 N. Greece
Epipactis leptochila var. savelliana 2015 C. Italy
Epipactis lucana 2016 Italy
Epipactis meridionalis 1988 C. & S. Italy to Sicilia 1
Epipactis microphylla 1800 Europe to Iran 2 2
Epipactis muelleri 1921 W. & C. Europe 3
Epipactis muelleri subsp. cerritae 1994 Sicilia
Epipactis nordeniorum 1991 EC. & SC. Europe 1
Epipactis olympica 1990 NC. Greece
Epipactis palustris 1769 Europe to Caucasus and Mongolia 9 16
Epipactis pinovica 2014 Greece
Epipactis placentina 1993 Switzerland to Sicilia
Epipactis pontica 1975 EC. Europe to N. Turkey
Epipactis purpurata 1828 Europe 4 6
Epipactis rivularis 2006 N. Italy to Croatia
Epipactis sanguinea 2014 Italy
Epipactis tallosii 1997 NE. Italy to Hungary
Epipactis tallosii subsp. zaupolensis 2007 NE. Italy
Epipactis tremolsii 1914 W. & C. Medit. 2
Epipactis troodi 1942 Kriti, Cyprus (Troödos Mts.), Turkey (Amanus Mts.)
Epipogium aphyllum 1814 Temp. Eurasia 8
Gennaria diphylla 1860 Sec. Diphyllae Macaronesia, W. Medit. to W. Italy 14
Goodyera repens 1813 Temp. Northern Hemisphere 1 10
Gymnadenia austriaca 1998 C. Europe to Pyrenees, Carpathians
Gymnadenia bicolor 2011 Alps, S. Carpathians 1
Gymnadenia buschmanniae 1998 NE. Italy
Gymnadenia carpatica 1998 E. Carpathians
Gymnadenia conopsea 1813 Europe to Japan 41 22
Gymnadenia corneliana 1998 SW. Alps 3
Gymnadenia densiflora 1839 Europe 3 4
Gymnadenia dolomitensis 1998 SE. Alps
Gymnadenia frivaldii 1846 Balkan Pen. to S. Carpathians 3
Gymnadenia hygrophila 2011 SE. Alps 2
Gymnadenia lithopolitanica 1998 SE. Alps 3
Gymnadenia miniata 1956 C. & SE. Alps, S. Carpathians 4 5
Gymnadenia nigra 1856 Europe, Israel 6
Gymnadenia odoratissima 1817 Europe 17 6
Gymnadenia rhellicani 1998 Appennini, Alps to N. Greece 9 1
Gymnadenia widderi 1998 NE. Alps to C. Italy 1
Hammarbya paludosa 1891 Temp. & Subarctic Northern Hemisphere 4
Herminium monorchis 1813 Temp. Eurasia to Himalaya 1
Himantoglossum adriaticum 1978 S. & SE. Alps to Italy 3
Himantoglossum calcaratum 1927 SE. Europe
Himantoglossum calcaratum subsp. jankae 2017 S. Slovakia to NW. Turkey 1
Himantoglossum caprinum 1826 Krym, Turkey to Israel
Himantoglossum caprinum subsp. rumelicum 2005 EC. Europe to Israel 1
Himantoglossum hircinum 1826 Europe, NW. Africa, Iraq 1 12
Himantoglossum robertianum 1999 Medit. 5 19
Limodorum abortivum 1799 Europe, Medit. to Caucasus 26
Limodorum abortivum var. gracile 2004 Greece
Limodorum trabutianum 1886 Iberian Pen. to W. Italy, NW. Africa
Liparis loeselii 1817 Liparis Europe to C. Asia, Sakhalin, C. & E. Canada to NC. & E. U.S.A. 1 8
Liparis nemoralis 2016 NE. Italy to S. Austria
Malaxis monophyllos 1800 Temp. Northern Hemisphere to Philippines 3
Neotinea lactea 1997 WC. & E. Medit. 1 4
Neotinea maculata 1975 Macaronesia, NW. Europe to Medit. 2 9
Neotinea tridentata 1997 C. & S. Europe to Caucasus and Jordan 12 8
Neotinea ustulata 1997 Europe to Caucasus 8 15
Neotinea ustulata var. aestivalis 2006 Europe
Neottia cordata 1817 Temp. & Subarctic Northern Hemisphere 4
Neottia nidus-avis 1817 Europe to Iran, NW. Africa 12
Neottia ovata 1838 Europe to Himalaya 23
Nigritella kossutensis 2017 Null
Nigritella ravnikii 2017 Null
Ophrys apifera 1762 Europe, Medit. to Caucasus 25 33
Ophrys argolica 1919 Italy to Syria 10
Ophrys argolica subsp. aegaea 2002 Kikladhes to Kárpathos 1
Ophrys argolica subsp. crabronifera 2002 C. & S. Italy 5 1
Ophrys argolica subsp. biscutella 2004 S. Italy, Croatia (Korcula) 9 3
Ophrys bertolonii 1823 C. Medit. 38 6
Ophrys bombyliflora 1800 Canary Is., Medit. 23 9
Ophrys bombyliflora var. parviflora 2014 Malta, Tunisia, Aegean Is. (Samos)
Ophrys cretica 1962 Greece to Kriti 7 3
Ophrys cretica subsp. ariadnae 2002 S. Aegean Is. 1 3
Ophrys ferrum-equinum 1807 Albania to SW. & S. Turkey 14 6
Ophrys ferrum-equinum subsp. gottfriediana 1962 Greece to Aegean Is. 5
Ophrys fuciflora 1802 W. Europe to N. Iraq 31 13
Ophrys fuciflora subsp. apulica 1969 E. & S. Italy, S. Sicilia 18 4
Ophrys fuciflora subsp. candica 1978 Sicilia to SW. Turkey 12 1
Ophrys fuciflora subsp. elatior 1997 S. Germany to Istria 3 2
Ophrys fuciflora subsp. lacaitae 1973 Croatia (Vis) to Malta 6
Ophrys fuciflora subsp. oxyrrhynchos 1927 Sicilia to S. Italy 14 1
Ophrys fuciflora subsp. parvimaculata 1970 SC. & S. Italy 11
Ophrys fuciflora subsp. andria 2006 Aegean Is. 1
Ophrys fuciflora subsp. biancae 2006 Sicilia 5 2
Ophrys fuciflora subsp. oblita 2011 S. Greece to Israel
Ophrys fusca 1800 Medit. 26 11
Ophrys fusca subsp. iricolor 1890 Medit. 8 2
Ophrys fusca subsp. pallida 1929 NW. Sicilia, Algeria to Tunisia 2
Ophrys fusca subsp. blitopertha 2002 Aegean Is. to SW. Turkey
Ophrys fusca subsp. cinereophila 2002 S. Greece to N. Syria
Ophrys holoserica subsp. laxiflora 2007
Ophrys holoserica nothosubsp. robertidarum 2017 Italy
Ophrys insectifera 1753 Europe 15 19
Ophrys lutea 1793 Medit. 17 11
Ophrys lutea subsp. melena 1928 S. Balkan Pen. to Aegean Is.
Ophrys monrealensis 1931
Ophrys omegaifera 1925 Medit. 1 3
Ophrys omegaifera subsp. fleischmannii 1984 Aegean Is. to Kriti 7
Ophrys omegaifera subsp. israelitica 1996 SC. Greece, Aegean Is. to Jordan
Ophrys omegaifera var. basilissa 2002 Aegean Is. to E. Kriti
Ophrys omegaifera subsp. hayekii 2004 Sicilia, Algeria to N. Tunisia
Ophrys reinholdii 1908 Balkan Pen. to NW. Iran 6
Ophrys scolopax 1793 Hungary, Medit. to N. Iran 20 12
Ophrys scolopax subsp. apiformis 1960 W. Medit. to Sicilia 3 2
Ophrys scolopax subsp. conradiae 1995 Corse, Sardegna, S. Italy 3 1
Ophrys scolopax subsp. cornuta 1908 Italy to Hungary and N. Iran 19 8
Ophrys scolopax subsp. heldreichii 1962 Greece to SW. Turkey 4
Ophrys scolopax subsp. rhodia 1997 Kárpathos, Rodhos 3 2
Ophrys scolopax nothosubsp. nestoris 2011
Ophrys sicula 1846 C. & E. Medit. 3
Ophrys speculum 1800 Medit. 23 13
Ophrys sphegodes 1768 W. & S. Europe to N. Iran 51 9
Ophrys sphegodes subsp. aesculapii 1980 Greece 2 2
Ophrys sphegodes subsp. araneola 1983 SW. & SC. Europe 15
Ophrys sphegodes subsp. atrata 1950 S. Europe 31 3
Ophrys sphegodes subsp. cretensis 1986 S. Aegean Is. to Kriti 3
Ophrys sphegodes subsp. epirotica 1983 Albania to W. & N. Greece 3
Ophrys sphegodes subsp. gortynia 1986 C. & S. Aegean Is. to Kriti
Ophrys sphegodes subsp. helenae 1978 S. Albania to Greece 4 1
Ophrys sphegodes subsp. mammosa 1962 SE. Europe to S. Turkmenistan 22 10
Ophrys sphegodes subsp. passionis 1995 NE. Spain to Italy 19 3
Ophrys sphegodes var. argentaria 2002 W. Italy 3 1
Ophrys sphegodes subsp. sipontensis 2005 SE. Italy 2 5
Ophrys sphegodes subsp. spruneri 1962 Greece to Aegean Is. 15
Ophrys sphegodes subsp. catalcana 2011 Turkey-in-Europe
Ophrys tenthredinifera 1805 Medit. 42 24
Ophrys umbilicata 1807 E. Medit. to Iran 10 1
Orchis anatolica 1844 Aegean Is. to Israel and W. Iran 6 4
Orchis anthropophora 1785 W. Europe to Medit. 12 18
Orchis balcanica 1890
Orchis brancifortii 1813 E. Sardegna, Sicilia, SW. Italy
Orchis italica 1798 Medit. 7 17
Orchis mascula 1755 Macaronesia, N. & C. Europe to Iran 23 12
Orchis mascula subsp. speciosa 1909 Europen Mts., Algeria 4 3
Orchis militaris 1753 Europe to Mongolia 10 24
Orchis olbiensis 1859 NW. Italy (W. Liguria) to NW. Africa 3 5
Orchis pallens 1771 Europe to Caucasus 9 4
Orchis patens 1799 Canary Is., NW. Italy, N. Algeria to N. Tunisia 4
Orchis pauciflora 1812 N. Corse to Kriti 10 4
Orchis provincialis 1806 SC. & S. Europe to W. Caucasus 16 6
Orchis punctulata 1835 NE. Greece to W. Asia 7
Orchis purpurea 1762 Europe to C. Turkey, NE. Algeria 13 14
Orchis quadripunctata 1813 EC. & S. Italy to W. Turkey 5 3
Orchis simia 1779 Europe to Iran, N. Africa 12 9
Orchis sitiaca 1990 C. & E. Kriti 1
Orchis spitzelii 1837 Sweden (Gotland), E. Spain to Caucasus, NW. Africa 6 5
Orchis spitzelii subsp. nitidifolia 1978 Kriti 1
Orchiserapias tremezzinae 1931
Platanthera bifolia 1817 Europe, Medit. to Japan 8 7
Platanthera bifolia subsp. subalpina 1884 Alps
Platanthera bifolia subsp. osca 2015 Italy
Platanthera chlorantha 1829 Morocco, Temp. Eurasia 7 10
Pseudorchis albida 1969 Europe to Russian Far East, E. Canada to Greenland 14 5
Pseudorchis albida subsp. tricuspis 2000 Europe 1
Serapias bergonii 1908 Sec. Bilamellaria Subsec. Stenopetalae S. Italy to W. & S. Turkey 14 4
Serapias cordigera 1763 Sec. Bilamellaria Subsec. Platypetalae Azores, SC. Europe to Medit. 13 5
Serapias cordigera subsp. cretica 1999 Kriti 1
Serapias cordigera subsp. cossyrensis 2004 Sicilia (Pantelleria) 1
Serapias cordigera subsp. lucana 2014 Italy
Serapias frankavillae 2009 Sicilia
Serapias guadinae 2017 Italy
Serapias lingua 1753 Sec. Serapias Medit. 33 21
Serapias neglecta 1844 Sec. Bilamellaria Subsec. Mediopetalae S. Europe 13 3
Serapias neglecta subsp. apulica 1977 W. Balkan Pen. (Is.) 4
Serapias nurrica 1982 Sec. Bilamellaria Subsec. Mediopetalae WC. Medit.
Serapias orientalis 1988 Sec. Bilamellaria Subsec. Platypetalae EC. & E. Medit. to W. Transcaucasus 7 3
Serapias orientalis subsp. apulica 1989 Italy 4 3
Serapias orientalis subsp. siciliensis 1993 SE. Sicilia
Serapias parviflora 1837 Sec. Bilamellaria Subsec. Stenopetalae Canary Is., Medit. 11 1
Serapias politisii 1928 Sec. Bilamellaria Subsec. Stenopetalae SE. Europe to SW. Turkey 2
Serapias strictiflora 1886 W. Medit. to W. Italy 1
Serapias vomeracea 1910 Sec. Bilamellaria Subsec. Mediopetalae SC. Europe, Medit. to W. Caucasus 15 5
Spiranthes aestivalis 1817 W. & C. Europe to NW. Africa 2
Spiranthes spiralis 1827 Europe, Medit. to C. Himalaya 3 11
Traunsteinera globosa 1842 Europe to Caucasus 1 2