Subfamily:
  Epidendroideae
Tribe:
  Cymbidieae
Subtribe:
  Cymbidiinae
Genus: Cymbidium:
  list  |   images
Section: Jensoa:
  list  |   images
  • China South-Central, China, Asia Temperate
  • Hainan, Asia Temperate
  • China Southeast, Asia Temperate
  • Tibet, Asia Temperate
  • Japan, Asia Temperate
  • Korea, Asia Temperate
  • Taiwan, Asia Temperate
  • Assam, Asia Tropical
  • Cambodia, Asia Tropical
  • Laos, Asia Tropical
  • Myanmar, Asia Tropical
  • Thailand, Asia Tropical
  • Vietnam, Asia Tropical
  • Philippines, Asia Tropical
Cymbidium ensifolium (L.) Sw. (1799) is one of five ‘oriental cymbidiums’ described definitively as an orchid (‘lan’ 蘭) in classical Chinese civilisation.
The four others are Cymbidium sinense (1805), Cym. goeringii (1864), Cym. faberi (1896) and Cym. kanran (1902).
The genus epithet ‘cymbidium’ derives from the Latin ‘cymba’ (Greek ‘kymbe’), the lip of the flower likened to a fishing boat hollowed from the trunk of a tree.
Swedish botanist Olof Schwartz first applied the name to what became a genus of 52 species, with Carl Linnaeus’ Epidendrum aloifolium (1753) reclassified as the type species Cymbidium aloifolium (1799).
Whereas ‘aloifolium’ means ‘aloe-leafed’, the specific epithet ‘ensifolium’ means ‘sword-leafed’.
Emrys Chew

Common Name: จุหลัน, ຈຸຫລັນ
  • Cymbidium albomarginatum Makino (1912)
  • Cymbidium arrogans Hayata (1914)
  • Cymbidium ensifolium var. koran (Makino) K.Inoue (2016)
  • Cymbidium ensifolium var. susin T.C.Yen (1964)
  • Cymbidium ensifolium var. striatum Lindl. (1837)
  • Cymbidium ensifolium f. falcatum T.C.Yen (1964)
  • Cymbidium ensifolium f. arcuatum T.C.Yen (1964)
  • Cymbidium ensifolium f. flaccidior Makino (1912)
  • Cymbidium ensifolium var. misericors (Hayata) T.P.Lin (1977)
  • Cymbidium ensifolium var. rubrigemmum (Hayata) T.S.Liu & H.J.Su (1978)
  • Cymbidium ensifolium var. xiphiifolium (Lindl.) S.S.Ying (1990)
  • Cymbidium ensifolium var. yakibaran (Makino) Y.S.Wu & S.C.Chen (1980)
  • Cymbidium estriatum Lindl. ex Steud. (1840)
  • Cymbidium gonzalesii Quisumb. (1940)
  • Cymbidium gyokuchin var. arrogans (Hayata) S.S.Ying (1977)
  • Cymbidium gyokuchin var. soshin Makino (1912)
  • Cymbidium gyokuchin Makino (1912)
  • Cymbidium kanran var. misericors (Hayata) S.S.Ying (1977)
  • Cymbidium koran Makino (1912)
  • Cymbidium micans Schauer (1843)
  • Cymbidium misericors var. oreophilum Hayata (1914)
  • Cymbidium misericors Hayata (1914)
  • Cymbidium niveomarginatum Makino (1912)
  • Cymbidium prompovenium Z.J.Liu & J.N.Zhang (1998)
  • Cymbidium rubrigemmum Hayata (1916)
  • Cymbidium shimaran Makino (1912)
  • Cymbidium xiphiifolium Lindl. (1821)
  • Cymbidium yakibaran Makino (1912)
  • Cymbidium yongfuense Z.J.Liu & J.N.Zhang (1998)
  • Epidendrum ensifolium L. (1753)
  • Jensoa ensata (Thunb.) Raf. (1838)
  • Limodorum ensatum Thunb. (1784)
  • Liuguishania taiwanensis Z.J.Liu & J.N.Zhang (1998)
Cymbidium Ayako Tanaka Cymbidium ensifolium × Cymbidium Alexanderi
Cymbidium Orangewick Cymbidium ensifolium × Cymbidium Alnwick Castle
Cymbidium Ma-Rid Cymbidium ensifolium × Cymbidium aloifolium
Cymbidium Clare Natasha Cymbidium ensifolium × Cymbidium atropurpureum
Cymbidium Super Baby * Cymbidium ensifolium × Cymbidium Babylon
Cymbidium Sorell Cymbidium ensifolium × Cymbidium Bexley Radiance
Cymbidium Hiroshima Summer Time Cymbidium niveomarginatum (syn) × Cymbidium Blue Smoke
Cymbidium Tinker Bell Cymbidium ensifolium × Cymbidium Blue Smoke
Cymbidium Siempre Cymbidium niveomarginatum (syn) × Cymbidium Brentwood
Cymbidium Ensi Canal * Cymbidium ensifolium × Cymbidium canaliculatum
Cymbidium Ensichlor * Cymbidium ensifolium × Cymbidium chloranthum
Cymbidium Koh-Hou * Cymbidium ensifolium × Cymbidium dayanum
Cymbidium Ensign of Death Cymbidium ensifolium × Cymbidium Death Wish
Cymbidium Florita Cymbidium niveomarginatum (syn) × Cymbidium Eburneo-lowianum (syn)
Cymbidium Oriental Summer * Cymbidium gyokuchin (syn) × Cymbidium eburneum
Cymbidium Pakkret Oracle Cymbidium ensifolium × Cymbidium eburneum
Cymbidium Golden Elf * Cymbidium ensifolium × Cymbidium Enid Haupt
Cymbidium Amazing Cymbidium ensifolium × Cymbidium erythrostylum
Cymbidium Green Valley Emerald * Cymbidium ensifolium × Cymbidium Green Plumage
Cymbidium Pakkret Horizon * Cymbidium ensifolium × Cymbidium insigne
Cymbidium Chanticleer Cymbidium niveomarginatum (syn) × Cymbidium John Blowers
Cymbidium Bicchu Cymbidium ensifolium × Cymbidium Khyber Pass
Cymbidium Nonthaburi Cymbidium ensifolium × Cymbidium King Arthur
Cymbidium × oblancifolium Cymbidium ensifolium × Cymbidium lancifolium
Cymbidium Hsingda Greeting Song Cymbidium ensifolium × Cymbidium Little Black Sambo
Cymbidium Lilliput * Cymbidium ensifolium × Cymbidium lowianum
Cymbidium Olivia Ying Mark Cymbidium ensifolium × Cymbidium madidum
Cymbidium Peter Pan Cymbidium ensifolium × Cymbidium Miretta
Cymbidium Maisie Cymbidium ensifolium × Cymbidium Miriga
Cymbidium Calafia Cymbidium ensifolium × Cymbidium Mount Everest
Cymbidium Ensi-Khan Cymbidium ensifolium × Cymbidium Nam Khan
Cymbidium New Era Cymbidium ensifolium × Cymbidium Nila
Cymbidium Kim Cymbidium ensifolium × Cymbidium Pearl
Cymbidium Cutesie Cymbidium ensifolium × Cymbidium Peter Pan
Cymbidium Magic Dust Cymbidium gyokuchin (syn) × Cymbidium Peter Pan
Cymbidium Genoa Cymbidium ensifolium × Cymbidium Poetic
Cymbidium Phuket Cymbidium ensifolium × Cymbidium Prettipink
Cymbidium Yin-Chee Cymbidium ensifolium × Cymbidium pubescens (syn)
Cymbidium Korintji Cymbidium ensifolium × Cymbidium Rangoon
Cymbidium Pakkret Dream Cymbidium ensifolium × Cymbidium Red Prophet
Cymbidium Rosy Rocket Cymbidium ensifolium × Cymbidium Rosalita
Cymbidium Madame Butterfly Cymbidium ensifolium × Cymbidium Scorpio
Cymbidium Dawn Princess Cymbidium ensifolium × Cymbidium Sussex Dawn
Cymbidium Chic Cymbidium niveomarginatum (syn) × Cymbidium Swallow
Cymbidium Point Sur Cymbidium ensifolium × Cymbidium Tapestry
Cymbidium Pali Cymbidium ensifolium × Cymbidium tracyanum
Cymbidium Manohra Cymbidium ensifolium × Cymbidium Uthong
Cymbidium Suzuka Fragrance Cymbidium niveomarginatum (syn) × Cymbidium Vesta
Cymbidium Happy Talk Cymbidium ensifolium × Cymbidium Vieux Rose
Cymbidium Chocolate Soldier Cymbidium ensifolium × Cymbidium Volcano
Cymbidium Pakkret Hanabi Cymbidium ensifolium × Cymbidium Wakakusa
Cymbidium Samford Cymbidium ensifolium × Cymbidium Wiena
Cymbidium Green Gem Cymbidium ensifolium × Cymbidium Yellow Hammer
Grammatocymbidium Jumbo Elegans Cymbidium ensifolium × Grammatophyllum elegans
Grammatocymbidium Lovely Melody * Cymbidium ensifolium × Grammatophyllum scriptum
Grammatocymbidium Indrajit Cymbidium ensifolium × Grammatophyllum Yuan Nan Tiger
Cymbidium Summer Aroma Cymbidium bicolor × Cymbidium ensifolium
Cymbidium Blackbird's Cousin Cymbidium Black Peter × Cymbidium ensifolium
Cymbidium Devondale Cymbidium devonianum × Cymbidium ensifolium
Cymbidium Bee Charmer Cymbidium Enzan Shining × Cymbidium ensifolium
Cymbidium Doctor Seton * Cymbidium Fifi × Cymbidium ensifolium
Cymbidium Faridah Hashim * Cymbidium finlaysonianum × Cymbidium ensifolium
Cymbidium Ichiro Otuka Cymbidium floribundum × Cymbidium niveomarginatum (syn)
Cymbidium Elma * Cymbidium floribundum × Cymbidium ensifolium
Cymbidium Mem. Sophia Gouveia Cymbidium goeringii × Cymbidium ensifolium
Cymbidium tortisepalum Cymbidium goeringii × Cymbidium ensifolium
Cymbidium Chian-Tzy Mascot * Cymbidium Golden Elf × Cymbidium ensifolium
Cymbidium Blackbird Cymbidium Gordon Gibbs × Cymbidium ensifolium
Cymbidium Pink Butterfly Cymbidium hookerianum × Cymbidium ensifolium
Cymbidium Marvin Manor Cymbidium kanran × Cymbidium ensifolium
Cymbidium Oswego Cymbidium Korintji × Cymbidium ensifolium
Cymbidium Mem. Lillian Padgett Cymbidium Kusuda Shining × Cymbidium ensifolium
Cymbidium Patrice Fox Cymbidium lancifolium × Cymbidium ensifolium
Cymbidium Uncle Miltie Cymbidium Majeed Khadaroo × Cymbidium ensifolium
Cymbidium mastersii-ensifolium * Cymbidium mastersii × Cymbidium ensifolium
Cymbidium Green Maureen Cymbidium Maureen Carter × Cymbidium ensifolium
Cymbidium Photharam Vintage Cymbidium Payuhakiri × Cymbidium ensifolium
Cymbidium Picasso Moonshine Cymbidium Picasso Moon × Cymbidium ensifolium
Cymbidium Warmly Passionate Cymbidium Portuguese Passion × Cymbidium ensifolium
Cymbidium Tender Love * Cymbidium sanderae × Cymbidium ensifolium
Cymbidium Norbert Gomes Cymbidium sinense × Cymbidium ensifolium
Cymbidium Meglee Cymbidium Super Baby × Cymbidium ensifolium
Cymbidium Hikumano Cymbidium Swallow × Cymbidium ensifolium
Cymbidium Prapuy Luang Cymbidium Tender Love × Cymbidium ensifolium
Cymbidium Valerie Ensifolium Cymbidium Valerie Absolonova × Cymbidium ensifolium
Cymbidium Liangtian Waltz Cymbidium Waltz × Cymbidium ensifolium
蘇清記
Cym. ensifolium
Rafael Santos
Cym. ensifolium 'Jin He'
Andrew H. Kim
Cym. ensifolium
Rafael Santos
Cym. ensifolium 'Jin He'
Andrew H. Kim
Cym. ensifolium
Rafael Santos
Cym. ensifolium 'Jin He'
Rafael Santos
Cym. ensifolium 'Jin He'
Elite Orchids
Cym. ensifolium 'Shi Chang Hong'
Manote Quahphanit
Cym. ensifolium
Hiro Morison
Cym. ensifolium 'Fukurin-Koran'
Joseph Yeo
Cym. ensifolium
Khunchai Chang
Cym. ensifolium
Emrys Chew
Cym. ensifolium
more ...